ORCID and the ICSU World Data System share a common interest in improving how we share research data and information. Given their common objectives, the two organizations decided to enter into a formal partnership with the ultimate goal to build levels of trust and enable sharing and reuse of research data. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed to define areas of collaborations and ...
We are pleased to announce that online Registration and Abstract Submission is now open for the World Data System Asia–Oceania Conference 2017 (27–29 September; Kyoto, Japan). Deadlines are 31 August and 15 July, respectively, and one may also apply for travel support (deadline: 31 May). This Conference will bring together data practitioners, data repository managers, and researchers to ...
The workshop on Data Initiatives in Africa – Opportunities and Challenges for Research and Sustainable Development convened by WDS took place last week in Grenoble with the participation of 30 experts (10 African countries represented). The meeting explored opportunities and challenges facing several data initiatives in Africa covering a broad range of disciplines and institutions. During the ...
A Blog post by Wendy S. Gross, and Eugene R. Wahl, (World Data Service for Paleoclimatology)
The World Data Service for Paleoclimatology (WDS Regular Member; https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo), housed at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Centers for Environmental Information, provides data and information to understand natural climate variability and future climate change.
Paleoclimatology is the study of ancient climates, prior to the widespread availability of instrumental records. Paleoclimatologists study several different types of environmental proxy evidence to understand what the Earth’s past climate was like and why.
Paleoclimate proxies and reconstructions used to understand the Earth’s past climate.
Finding the paleoclimate data you need among the greater than thirteen thousand studies, covering the globe and freely available online, just got easier. With our new web service, you can search for data across a wide range of proxy types and climate reconstructions. The new service integrates all of the capabilities of our previous search mechanisms, allowing them to be used together in new and powerful ways, and in conjunction with logical operators.
Geographic coverage of World Data Service for Paleoclimatology data.
There are multiple ways to search for relevant data: input a search term into the general search text box, select a data type from the menu, narrow your selections in the advanced search feature, or use all these capabilities together. The search automatically builds an application programming interface for you based on your search criteria that you can then reuse in the future. After inputting your search criteria, the results will be populated with all relevant studies, as well as providing an overview of the metadata that links to any additional data and information.
A new feature is a section of the site that hosts predefined searches paleoclimatology scientists have found most useful in the past. You'll be able to select one or multiple data types, such as ice cores or corals, from the list assembled by scientists, and the search will produce the most relevant and noteworthy studies related to that topic. In addition, the predefined searches page enables you to jointly query by location and data type. You’ll also be able to search through every study related to a specific data type, with user-friendly columns that allow you to easily sort through the studies.
Using the new web service can help you discover information on topics such as:
• Finding common years of great drought or wetness across specific regions
• Coral records related to El Niño occurrences
• Air temperature reconstructions
The World Data Service for Paleoclimatology archives and distributes data contributed by thousands of scientists around the world. We highly appreciate their long-lasting contributions of data submission, and our collaborations with them. To contact the World Data Service for Paleoclimatology, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Essential Climate Variables – Global Glacier Change Data Indicate Continued Strong Ice Losses in 2015 and 2016
A Blog post by Isabelle Gärtner-Roer (WDS Scientific Committee member)
Changes in glaciers provide some of the clearest evidence of climate change, and as such they constitute key indicators and unique demonstration objects of ongoing climate change. Beside this scientific aspect, glacier changes have an impact on local hazard situations, regional water cycles, and global sea level.
The Global Terrestrial Network for Glaciers (GTN-G) is the framework for the internationally coordinated monitoring of glaciers in support of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Within GTN-G, the World Glacier Monitoring Service affiliated at the University of Zurich, Switzerland (WGMS, WDS Regular Member)—which celebrated its 30th anniversary last year—is responsible for the collection and documentation of glacier fluctuations such as annual mass balances and length changes.
Figure 1: Mean annual mass balance of reference glaciers.
Latest mass balance data of the hydrological period 2014/15 and preliminary estimates for 2015/16 indicate continued strong ice losses. In fact, after 2002/03, 2014/15 is the second most negative year since the beginning of the monitoring program at WGMS (as shown in Fig. 1 for glaciers with long, continuous measurement programmes; the so-called 'reference glaciers'). This value is negative despite most of the glaciers in Norway and Iceland, as well as the few that are monitored in New Zealand and Antarctica, showing positive balances in the corresponding year (see Table 3 on this page). Since 1999/00, WGMS has already documented four years with a global mean ice thickness loss of more than 1000 millimetre water equivalent (mm w.e.). These new data show a continuation in the global trend of strong ice losses over the past few decades, and bring the cumulative average thickness loss since 1980 of the reference glaciers to almost 20.000 mm w.e.
As a Regular Member of the ICSU World Data System, WGMS publishes glacier data in a standardized format and makes them freely available to scientists, policy makers, and the wider public. Access is provided online through the 'Fluctuations of Glaciers Browser' and the 'Glacier App', as well as being consolidated in the 'Global Glacier Change Bulletin'.
Figure 2. Training course on glacier mass balance in La Paz, Bolivia (Photo: M. Zemp)
Upcoming challenges in glacier monitoring are very much related to the disintegration and vanishing of glaciers. Some of the glaciers under monitoring programmes disintegrate into several parts, while others—such as the Lewis Glacier on Mount Kenya—completely disappear. These issues demand continuous adaptation of monitoring strategies on both a local and global level. This is one reason why WGMS organizes training courses for Principal Investigators who perform glacier measurements and deliver their glacier data to WGMS. The last training course was held in 2016, with participants from Latin America (Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina) joining who are involved in ongoing mass balance programmes in their region (see Fig. 2). These participants were trained in both fieldwork and data analysis by an international team of experts in glacier monitoring and capacity building.
Our work relies on the cooperation and help of many scientists and observers throughout the world. We highly appreciate their long-lasting contributions in collaboration with our National Correspondents coordinating the collection of data in their country for submission to WGMS.
WorldWideScience Alliance: An International Partnership to Improve Access to Scientific and Technical Information and Research Data
A Blog post by Lorrie Apple Johnson (WorldWideScience Alliance Operating Agent)
The WorldWideScience Alliance is a strategic partnership between national and international libraries and data and information centres from around the world. The ICSU World Data System and the WorldWideScience Alliance share reciprocal Associate Memberships, and both organizations are committed to eliminating barriers associated with finding and sharing scientific and technical information, including scientific research data. The Alliance provides the governance structure for the global science gateway, WorldWideScience.org (WWS.org), which facilitates federated searching across over 100 scientific and technical databases from more than 70 countries. The WDS Data Portal is among the data collections searched by WWS.org, along with 14 other resources focussed on data, and the Alliance is actively seeking new data resources and partners.
The federated search technology employed by WWS.org offers users a number of distinct advantages, including the ability to perform a real-time, simultaneous search of multiple databases, some of which may not be indexed by typical search engines. Users receive a consolidated, relevance-ranked results list incorporating information in textual, multimedia, and scientific data formats. Multilingual translations capabilities are automatically performed in ten languages, which makes scholarly material, including scientific data, more accessible to a worldwide audience.
The ability to search data collections within WWS.org also addresses many of the challenges associated with discoverability of research data. For example, unless a user is familiar with a particular data centre, or knows that a specific dataset exists, it can be difficult to identify and locate scientific data; especially those outside of the researcher’s own discipline or speciality. WWS.org enables users to receive data results in a separate results tab, and upon selecting a specific result, users will be directed to the landing page at the originating source, which in turn makes the data accessible for viewing or downloading. The inclusion of data collections in WWS.org, particularly as part of the broader public access movement among government research funders in many countries, further expands access to Research and Development results during the full research lifecycle, and ultimately contributes to increased scientific collaboration and progress.
The WorldWideScience Alliance is eager to include new resources in WWS.org, and feedback is always welcome.
For more information about WWS.org and the Alliance, please visit http://worldwidescience.org/.
The CODATA 2017 Conference, ' Global Challenges and Data-Driven Science ’ (8–13 October 2017; Saint-Petersburg, Russia) is accepting submissions for sessions and papers until 30 June 2017: http://conference.codata.org/2017/submit/ The purpose of the CODATA 2017 Conference is to explore fundamental issues surrounding the availability, (re-)use, and scientific analysis of data that ...
John Faundeen of WDC - Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (WDS Regular Member) is co-leading a session related to Trusted Digital Repositories at the 2017 National Association of Government Archives and Records Administrators (NAGARA) annual conference . He is looking for presenters on this pertinent topic and is casting a wide net in the hope of attracting those willing to ...
ISRIC - WDC Soils (WDS Regular Member) has released a large set of standardized soil profile data that are freely available for the international community to access and use to underpin broad-scale mapping and modelling efforts aimed at addressing issues such as food security, land degradation, and climate change. The four million records (for some 94 thousand profiles) contained within ...
The All-Russia Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information – World Data Centre (RIHMI-WDC) has announced to the WDS Scientific Committee (WDS-SC) that it has discontinued the existence of WDC – Rockets, Satellites and Earth Rotation (WDC – RSER) since the topics are no longer its priorities. However, the WDS-SC is extremely pleased to learn that the data holdings of WDC – RSER will ...
Zgurovsky et al. in Cybernetics and Systems Analysis (Volume 46, Issue 2). Abstract: Creating the World Data Center for Geoinformatics and Sustainable Development (WDC-Ukraine), its certification and integration into the World Data System are described. The main principles of the WDC and its research priorities are considered. Main projects carried out by the WDC are reviewed. One of them is ...
Takashi Watanabe and Rorie Edmunds in VarSITI Newsletter, Volume 3. The International Council for Science (ICSU) has a long history of collaborating internationally on the archiving and provision of scientific data. The World Data Centres (WDCs) and the Federation of Geophysical and Astrophysical Data Services were established by ICSU during the International Geophysical Year (IGY). Building ...
ORCID and the ICSU World Data System share a common interest in improving how we share research information. Given their shared objectives, the two organizations decided to enter into a formal partnership with the ultimate goal to build levels of trust to enable sharing of research data.
The ICSU World Data System (ICSU-WDS) is delighted to announce that on 11 October 2016, the Canadian Cryospheric Information Network/Polar Data Catalogue (CCIN/PDC) became its 100th Member.
The unified catalogue of requirements was developed through a DSA–WDS partnership Working Group within the Research Data Alliance (RDA). The group built on inherent complementarity between the criteria previously established by the two organizations to harmonize unified and universal requirements reflecting the core characteristics of trustworthy data repositories. After an extensive period ...