CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, has launched its Open Data Portal where data from real collision events, produced by experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will for the first time be made openly available to all. It is expected that these data will be of high value for the research community, and also be used for education purposes.
The principle of openness is enshrined in CERN’s founding Convention, and all LHC publications have been published Open Access, free for all to read and re-use. Widening the scope, the LHC collaborations recently approved Open Data policies and will release collision data over the coming years.
The initial high-level and analyzable collision data openly released come from the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment, and were originally collected in 2010 during the first LHC run. Open source software to read and analyze the data is also available, together with the corresponding documentation.
DataCite (WDS Partner Member) and CrossRef have announced that they will work together to ensure that researchers can seamlessly navigate among all research results, including articles and data, and to make data a first class, identifiable, referenceable, and citable element in the scholarly record. In particular, the two organizations have agreed to:
Enhance the interoperability of their systems to make it easier for publishers, data centres, libraries, and third parties to integrate with the scholarly DOI ecosystem.
Provide comprehensive support for interlinking between articles and data.
Develop open-source tools and Application Programming Interfaces to reveal citations and relationships between publications and datasets.
Integrate into their services other scholarly communications initiatives such as Open Researcher and Contributor IDentifiers and FundRef.
Develop systems, workflows, and best practices for using DOIs to reference large, highly granular, and dynamic data.
We would like to point you towards an article in our WDS-related news page that appeared in the October 2014 newsletter of the new Variability of the Sun and Its Terrestrial Impact (VarSITI) programme of the Scientific Committee on Solar–Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP). Written by Takashi Watanabe (Senior Advisor) and Rorie Edmunds (Programme Officer) of the WDS International Programme Office, the article points to strengthening the ties between WDS and SCOSTEP—both Interdisciplinary Bodies of ICSU—through the VarSITI programme.
The current version comprises reported observations on glacier changes up until the observation period 2011–2012 including: – 5,300 glaciological balances from 413 glaciers – 920 geodetic balances from 446 glaciers – 44,000 front variations from 2,340 glaciers – 420 special event reports from 295 glaciers
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) posted the final version of its Genomic Data Sharing (GDS) Policy in the United States Federal Register on 26 August 2014. Promoting data sharing to accelerate translation of data into knowledge, products, and procedures to improve health whilst protecting research participant privacy, the policy will apply to all NIH-funded, large-scale human and non-human projects that generate genomic data, starting with funding applications submitted for a 25 January 2015 receipt date.
A key tenet of the GDS policy is the expectation that researchers obtain the informed consent of study participants for the potential future use of their de-identified data for research and for broad sharing. Any institution submitting data must certify that they were collected in a legal and ethically appropriate manner and that personal identifiers have been removed. Moreover, investigators and their institutions must provide basic plans for following the policy as part of funding proposals and applications.
To find out more about the GDS policy and its other aspects, please see the following NIH press release: