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The Rise of Open Access

The following cartoon by ('s) Randall Munrow was published in the 4 October 2013 edition of Science (Vol. 342, no. 6154, pp. 58–59; DOI: 10.1126/science.342.6154.58) and highlights that open access reached a tipping point in 2011, when more than half of new research became available freely online:

University of California’s Academic Senate Approves Open Access Policy

On 24 July 2013, the Academic Senate of the University of California (UC) passed an Open Access Policy that ensures future research articles authored by faculty at all 10 campuses of UC will be made available to the public without charge via eScholarship (UC's open access repository) in tandem with their publication in scholarly journals.

For more information on this story, including a link to the policy and its implementation, please visit the following UC Newsroom webpage:

GCMD/IDN 9.9.1 Software Release

The NASA GCMD/IDN team has announced the release of Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) / International Directory Network (IDN) System, Version 9.9.1. This release incorporates improvements to the back-end of the GCMD system, in addition to several new front-end features.

Please see the following document or visit the GCMD homepage ( for more details:

Interoperability Building Blocks

We would like to introduce you to the following paper on knowledge encapsulation written by Professor Reagan W. Moore of the School of Library and Information Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Although we unable to provide access (Springer allows the first two pages to be read online), this conference article on 'National Virtual Observatory Architecture' by Prof. Moore may also be of interest: