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International Council for Science (ICSU) and the Challenges of Big Data in Science

Professor Ray Harris in Research Trends (Issue 30).

The Fourth Paradigm:
The enormous amounts of data now available to science and to society at large have stimulated some authors to say that we are in the Fourth Paradigm of data-intensive science (1). The First Paradigm was the period of observation, description and experimentation characterised by early scientists and explorers such as Ptolemy and Ibn Battuta.
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