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International Council for Science (ICSU) and the Challenges of Big Data in Science

Professor Ray Harris in Research Trends (Issue 30). The Fourth Paradigm: The enormous amounts of data now available to science and to society at large have stimulated some authors to say that we are in the Fourth Paradigm of data-intensive science (1). The First Paradigm was the period of observation, description and experimentation characterised by early scientists and explorers such as ...

A Lesson in Sharing

David Carlson in Nature. Earth scientists need better incentives, rewards and mechanisms to achieve free and open data exchange, says David Carlson. When the polar-research community planned the International Polar Year (IPY) of 2007–08, it embraced a revolutionary goal: to establish free, open and ready access to all data. After decades of reports with 'data' and combinations of ...

Africa gets Continent-wide Data Centre

Linda Nordling (www.scidev.net). South Africa is spearheading activities to collect and curate research data about the African continent in an effort to shrug off its data-poor image. A prototype of the World Data Centre on Biodiversity and Human Health in Africa was presented at The Committee on Data for Science and Technology's (CODATA) international conference in Cape Town this week (24–27 ...

Interview with Jean-Bernard Minster

Data Sharing Project. Jean-Bernard Minster is a University of California-San Diego distinguished professor of geophysics and chair of the International Council for Science’s World Data System Scientific Committee (ICSU WDSSC). He has been involved with data issues for over two decades, through the National Research Council’s Committee on Geophysical and Environmental Data, which he chaired ...

International Science Council to Revamp World Data Centers

Cheryl Pellerin, Science Writer. Washington – For more than 50 years, the International Council for Science (ICSU) has had world data centers—open, nonpolitical repositories of data for scientists in every country. Now, the ICSU is replacing the centers with a leading-edge World Data System (WDS) whose scope and technologies are evolving but whose policy of nondiscriminatory access to science ...

International Science Community to Build a 'World Data System'

ITNews for Australian Business. Scientific organisations representing 134 countries have agreed to overhaul existing data centres and services to establish a global virtual library for scientific data. The agreement was struck at the General Assembly of the International Council for Science (ICSU) last week and is expected to facilitate international collaboration and enable interdisciplinary ...