The Terms of Reference of the WDS-SC are defined within the WDS Constitution as approved by the ICSU Executive Board (November 2013).
Committee Members 2015–2018
Centre for Past Climate Change at the University of Reading, United Kingdom and Macquarie University, Australia
Sandy Harrison is a Professor of Palaeoclimates and Biogeochemical Cycles and Director of the Centre for Past Climate Change at the University of Reading in the UK, and also a Professor in Ecology and Evolution Centre for Research Excellence at Macquarie University, Australia. She studied geography at the University of Cambridge, did her Masters in Geomorphology at Macquarie University and a PhD at the University of Lund in Sweden.
Professor Harrison is a palaeoclimate diagnostician with a special interest in the role of the land-surface, terrestrial biosphere, fire and hydrological processes on modulating regional climates. She uses large-scale syntheses of data in combination with global models to diagnose these interactions. She is President of the Palaeoclimate Commission of the International Quaternary Association (INQUA) and Co-Chair of the Palaeoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP), where she leads the effort to evaluate climate models.
(Deputy Director of WDS Regular Member: Data Archiving and Networked Services [DANS])
DANS, The Netherlands
Ingrid Dillo holds a PhD in history. She is a generalist who over the last twenty-five years has mainly been active in the field of policy development. After a period as senior policy researcher at Research voor Beleid in Leiden she worked for many years as a senior policy advisor at the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science and at the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the National Library of the Netherlands. Ingrid is now deputy director at DANS (Data Archiving and Networked Services).
Among her areas of interest are research data management and the certification of digital repositories. Ingrid is active in the Knowledge Exchange. She is also a member of the international Board of the Data Seal of Approval (DSA). Within the Research Data Alliance Ingrid is actively involved in a number of groups. She co-chairs the RDA/WDS Interest Group Certification of Digital Repositories, and the RDA/WDS Interest Group Publishing Data Cost Recovery for Data Centres. Ingrid is an active member of the Repository Audit and Certification DSA-WDS Partnership Working Group. Furthermore, DANS was the main host of the RDA Plenary 4 in Amsterdam. Ingrid was a member of the organising committee for this meeting. She was also involved in the organisation of Plenary 5 in San Diego.
South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON), South Africa
Wim Hugo is the systems architect for a number of interdependent data portals in South Africa: the SAEON Data Portal, the South African Earth Observation System, and the Risk and Vulnerability Atlas. New initiatives also fill out his portfolio such as WDC for Biodiversity and Human Health in Africa, extensions to other science disciplines, an Operational Oceanography initiative, and the African BioEnergy Atlas. He represents the South African Global Earth Observation (SAGEO) community in the Data Subcommittee of the Committee for Spatial Information—charged with establishing a South African Spatial Data Infrastructure—and works with the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) to disseminate South African state-funded data sources through their 'System of Systems', GEOSS. As well as being a member of the WDS-SC, he is a member of the EuroGEOSS Advisory Board.
He obtained a B.Eng (Chem) from the University of Potchefstroom in 1983, and a Master’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1985. After graduation, Wim worked in the synthetic fuels industry in the fields of catalytic research, operations and logistics optimization, technical marketing management, and subsequently as an independent consultant specializing in feasibility studies and techno-economic optimization. Increasing interest in systems for optimization and decision support led to a career change in 1998. Wim joined MBV Consulting Group—a formal systems engineering company—in 1999 as a Director, specializing in planning and decision support systems. This specialization expanded to include systems for scientific data dissemination, with a focus on spatial data, and on network-based spatial analysis techniques.
(Director of WDS Regular Member: International Service of Geomagnetic Indices [ISGI])
Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la Terre, Strasbourg, France
Dr Aude Chambodut got her Ph.D. in Internal Geophysics—specializing in Geomagnetism—from the Institut de Physique du Globe Paris (IPGP) in 2004. For two years, she was associate-researcher successively at Department of Applied Mathematics at the University of Potsdam and Helmholtz Centre Potsdam – GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Germany. Since 2006, she works at the Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la Terre (EOST), Strasbourg, France, as researcher in the Global Geodynamic Laboratory of Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg (IPGS) and as lecturer in Geomagnetism at the University of Strasbourg (UDS) and at the School for Engineers in Geophysics (EOST).
In 2010, she became director of the Department of Magnetic Observatories of French Austral and Antarctic territories. She is involved in pure and technology researches in the frame of geomagnetism and environmental geophysics. Her research activities focus on geomagnetic field modelling, geomagnetic indices and Sun–Earth relationship. Since 2014, Aude Chambodut is Director of the International Service of Geomagnetic Indices (ISGI), which is in charge of the elaboration and dissemination of geomagnetic indices, and of lists of remarkable magnetic events, based on the report of magnetic observatories distributed all over the planet., with the help of ISGI Collaborating Institutes.
(Associate Director of WDS Regular Member: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center [SEDAC])
Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), University of Columbia, USA
Alex de Sherbinin is the Associate Director for Science Applications at the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), an environmental data and analysis center within The Earth Institute at Columbia University specializing in the human aspects of global environmental change. He also serves as deputy manager of the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC); co-Coordinator of the Population-Environment Research Network (PERN); and chair of the ICSU CODATA Global Roads Data Development Task Group.
Dr. de Sherbinin is a geographer whose research interests focus on the human aspects of environmental change at local, national and global scales. Dr. de Sherbinin holds a PhD in Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation from ITC at the University of Twente (Netherlands). Prior to joining CIESIN, he served as a USAID Population-Environment Fellow with the Social Policy Program of International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 1996–1999), a Population Geographer at the Population Reference Bureau (PRB, Washington, DC, 1989–1995), and an agricultural extension agent with the U.S. Peace Corps (Mauritania, West Africa, 1984–1986).
Research Director at Institute of Research for Development (IRD) and Laboratoire d’Etude des Transferts en Hydrologie et Environnement (LTHE), University of Grenoble-Alpes, France. Laboratoire de Physique de l'Atmophère et Mécanique des fluides, Université Félix Houphouet Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
Dr Arona Diedhiou contributed to the coordination and to the implementation of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (AMMA) International Programme as member of its International Executive Committee between 2003 and 2007. He also contributed to the involvement of African scientists, Regional Centres and National Meteorological and Hydrological Services. Thanks to this international coordination, AMMA built a multi-scale multidisciplinary database used across the world and mirrored in Africa. Between 2007 and 2012, he was the leader of the RIPIECSA programme (3.5 Million Euros from French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development) to fund research projects on climate, environment, and society interactions in West and Central Africa. Since 2013 and until 2016, he is co-investigator (based in France) of the International Project on Hydro-meteorological Risks in African Cities (RHYVA) and since 2015, co-investigator of the AMMA-2050 project: a UK/NERC-DFID joint initiative on 'Future Climate for Africa'.
Arona Diedhiou serves as a member of the Independent Science Panel of the CGIAR Research Program on 'Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security' and as member of the Scientific Committee of the West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use programme (WASCAL), an initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. He advocates for the strengthening of the observing systems and for the sharing of the knowledge (publications and data) with scientific colleagues of developing countries.
Program on Ethics & Policy for Innovation, Department of Philosophy, McMaster University, Canada
Claudia Emerson is Principal at the Centre for Ethical, Social, and Cultural Risk (CESCR) and Scientist in the Centre for Research on Inner City Health (CRICH) in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, and is appointed Associate Professor of Philosophy at McMaster University, Canada.
Dr. Emerson specializes in the ethics and policy of research involving human subjects. Since 2006, she has been a core investigator and senior advisor with CESCR (formerly the Ethical, Social, and Cultural (ESC) Program for Global Health) funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, where she provides ethics consultation across the Global Health and Global Development programs of the Foundation. Her research is primarily focused on developing governance models to facilitate data access in global health for data driven decision-making, and she led the development of the Gates Foundation Global Health Data Access Principles and Grand Challenges Canada Data Sharing Policy. She is also active in public health ethics research and has written on the moral case for polio eradication, the eradication investment case for neglected infectious diseases, and the ethics of tracking technologies to improve immunization coverage in low and middle income countries.
Dr. Emerson serves in several advisory capacities related to public health activities, including the National Ethics Committee for the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging, the Ethics Advisory Committee of the Ontario Health Study, the largest community-based longitudinal cohort study in Canada, the Data Standards and Integration Working Group for the Critical Path to TB Regimens initiative, and the Taskforce Methodology Group for the Eradication Investment Cases (EIC) for Onchocerciasis, Lymphatic Filariasis, and Human African Trypanosomiasis. She has advised the World Health Organization (WHO), and currently serves on the Scientific Committee of the International Council for Science – World Data System.
Dr. Emerson holds a B.Sc. in Biomedical Science (Biochemistry) and M.A. and Ph.D. in Philosophy (Bioethics).
Institute for Risk Analyses and Risk Communication, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Elaine Faustman is Professor and Director of the Institute for Risk Analyses and Risk Communication at the University of Washington, School of Public Health. She obtained her PhD from Michigan State University in Pharmacology and Toxicology. She has directed the Oceans and Human Health Center at the University of Washington for over a decade and is currently directing the Children’s Environmental Health Risks Center.
Her research activities include involvement in developing environmental language standards for interoperability and developing quantitative cross-disciplinary systems biology models for evaluating the impacts of environment on health. She is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Society of Risk Analysis. She is currently serving on the US EPA Science Advisory board. She has served as chair for the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Developmental Toxicology and as a member for the Committee on Toxicology and Institute of Medicine Upper Reference Levels for Nutrients. In 2012 she was a member of the ICSU Review Committee on CODATA. She is the Secretary-General for the International Union of Toxicology.
(Science Officer of WDS Regular Member: World Glacier Monitoring Service [WGMS])
Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Isabelle Gärtner-Roer is Science Officer of the World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS), Senior Researcher in the Glaciology and Geomorphodynamics Group, and Coordinator of the Zurich Graduate School in Geography at the Department of Geography at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. She is internationally known for her work on rockglacier kinematics and the sensitivity of high mountain environments, with focus on glaciers and permafrost. Her work is documented in several scientific articles, keynote lectures and media reports worldwide.
Gärtner-Roer served as chair for the PERMOS (Permafrost Monitoring in Switzerland) scientific committee and for the Swiss Geomorphological Society (SCNAT) and is still an active member of both groups. As officer of the World Glacier Monitoring Service she is managing activities of the Global Terrestrial Network for Glaciers (GTN-G), in the framework for the internationally coordinated monitoring of glaciers and ice caps in support of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In this context, she brings a lot of experience with large datasets as well as with providing access to the standardized data formats. She newly serves on the Scientific Committee of the International Council for Science – World Data System.
(Director WDS Regular Member: WDC - Geomagnetism, Kyoto)
Data Analysis Center for Geomagnetism and Space Magnetism, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
Toshihiko Iyemori is a professor of the Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, and director of the Data Analysis Center for Geomagnetism and Space Magnetism (DACGSM) which belongs to the graduate school. Since 1981, he has been serving geomagnetic data collected by the World Data Center for Geomagnetism, Kyoto, which the DACGSM operates. He was a president of the Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences for 2011–2013 and a member of the Executive Committee of IAGA for 2009–2015. His major research field is the Solar–Terrestrial Physics and he is also investigating the electromagnetic effects of lower atmospheric disturbance to geospace. He is one of the members who created the IUGONET (Inter-university Upper atmosphere Global Observation NETwork) which is a network of distributed databases based on a common metadata database.
Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (RADI), China
Dr. Guoqing Li is a Professor of RADI at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has worked at ESA and Purdue University as a visiting professor. He has been the Head of the Data Technology Division in RADI since 2007. His favourite research areas concern high-performance remote-sensing image-processing technology and the spatial information grid. His main focus is currently on next-generation spatial data infrastructure and nature disaster data management and infrastructure. He is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the China Computer Federation. He has also been involved in the national committees of ICSU's Committee on Data for Science and Technology and Integrated Research on Disaster Risk programme.
Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Sanna Sorvari, has a doctorate degree in natural sciences and her scientific background is in climate and Arctic research, paleoecology and aquatic sciences. Currently she works as a research manager at the Finnish Meteorological Institute.
Sorvari has over 15 years’ experience in initiating, coordinating and implementing international, European, Nordic and national research and research infrastructure (RI) projects, programmes and initiatives. She is involved in establishing European environmental research infrastructures, particularly ICOS, (Integrated Carbon Observation System) and ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, Trace gases RI), leads the strategic work of the European environmental RI communities on setting-up common data operations (ENVRI cluster) and future roadmap for transatlantic environmental data cooperation (COOPEUS). She serves as a member for many data and e-infrastructure related committees and boards, such as in H2020 Expert Advisory Board for research Infrastructures and e-Research Infrastructures; Belmont Forum’s e-infrastructure and data management General Assembly; National Committee for Research Data management; Joint Programming Initiative JPI Climate management committee and as a co-chair of JPI Climate Working Group on Mowing towards Reliable Climate Predictions.
For the WDS Scientific Committee, Sorvari can bring insights on the latest European developments in the field of environmental data, particularly on observational data. In addition, Sorvari has strong links to different env RI communities (including atmospheric, marine, terrestrial ecosystem and solid Earth communities) and thus can enhance the participation of these communities to WDS's activities.
Museum of Astronomy and Related Sciences, History of Science Coordination, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Alfredo Tolmasquim is a Full Researcher at the Museum of Astronomy and Related Sciences and Director of the Observatory of Tomorrow, a sector of the Museum of Tomorrow, both in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He was Director for 8 years of the Museum of Astronomy, Head of Department of Teaching and Research of the Brazilian Institute of Information on Science and Technology, and a member of the National Council of Archives and National Council of Cultural Policy. Tolmasquim is Assistant Professor at the Post-Graduation Program on Information Science of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, and visiting scholar at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, in Berlin. He was the creator of the Brazilian Bibliography of History of Science and adviser of the World History of Science On-line Project.
Heide Hackmann (ICSU)
Executive Director, International Council for Science (ICSU)
Yasuhiro Murayama (IPO host)
Director, Integrated Science Data System Research Laboratory (ISDS) at the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)